Feeding 

Pasture is the Best policy but remember to check for poisonous plants : 

Privit ( Loosely branched shrub with poisonous berries )

Foxglove 

Horsetail (high erect stems with slender branches )

Yewtree ( bark , shoots , leaves and seeds are all poisonous )

Acorns ( fruit of the oak tree )

Hemlock ( all parts poisonous )

Ragwort ( yellow flower 3-12ft extremely poisonous )

Laburnum ( yellow flower all parts of the tree poisonous ) 

Deadly night shade ( the flower and fruit poisonous 

Grass Cubes – Dried Grass in a cube is another option if the land on which your horse grazes is not nutritional or barren 

Haylage has more protein than hay but do not overfeed especially if your horse is stabled frequently blend a little in gradually introduce slowly a feeding pattern and the amounts as with out excercise can become too hyper gain excessive weight . 11 percent -18 percent protein in haylage depending on the weather on the time it was collected 

Cool mix and competition mix are the same but more energy levels are doubled . Linseed , soya oil both proteins and Alfa A protein / roughage for eventing I like pasture mix and top spec blue chip and Garlic with a few tasty treats apples , carrots and dates 

1 scoop of food – 4lb of feed depending on how much work your horse is doing amounts vary my horse was  a 15 hands pure bred Arabian and in medium work every day so his daily intake 28 lb of feed plus fresh hay and always clean water it should be changed frequently during the day 

Excercise and Fitness ( bringing up and roughing off a stabled horse ) 

A horse that has been turned out in a field for any length of time and not worked will need to be prepared to start a fittening programme . He will need to be reintroduced to the stable environment . Health checks will need to be made in preparation for the work to be done . These should take place 1-2 weeks 

Prelimary checks 

1 Begin by giving him small feeds of concentrates in the field to activate micro organisms in the digestive system 

2 Bring him into a well ventilated stable for a couple of hours each day , gradually increasing the length of time until he spends more time in than out . Use this time to reintroduce eating hay . Damp it well or soak it to stop allergies .

3 Introduce grooming start by using a dandy brush and a full body brush in order to remove grease from the coat 

4 Pull the mane and tail I like to use show sheen makes a beautiful silky mane 

5 Depending on the season you may wish to clip him out . However if you start walking in January when the weather is very cold , it would be wise to leave until you start your trot work which will keep the horse warm . Never clip after January because it will spoil the summer coat 

6 Teeth should be checked and rasped if necessary 

7 check that flu and tetanus injections are up to date , it’s a good idea to have them done before he’s turned away , so that he has time to recover from any side effects 

8 worm such an important rule introduce a cycle 

9 Have him shod , his feet should be regularly trimmed and shoed every 6-8 weeks 

In preparation for turning him out 

1 gradually reduce the amount of exercise he has and at the same time reduce the hard feed 

2 reduce the number of rugs until he is not wearing any day or night 

3 cut down on grooming to allow the grease to build up on the coat 

4 start to turn him out for longer periods each day until his basic diet is just grass 

5 some people have the shoes removed or alternately have light weight shoes put on to prevent the feet from cracking on the hard ground during the summer 

6 have his annual vaccinations done and up to date while out of work 

7 if he is going to stay out all night pick a period of good weather and a warm night 

8 horses that have their holiday during the winter months , such as competition horses , may need to wear a New Zealand rug and be bought in at night 

Many people do not turn their horses away for long periods of time , as it takes too long to bring them back into work and reach peak fitness . They are also prone to injury as they are getting fit again and the body has to keep adjusting from being fit to unfit again . Instead they reduce the workload to light work only a few times per week . They may turn them out at night if the weather is appropriate, or for long periods during the day so the horse is never completely let down and his interest is maintained . Another method is to give the horse several complete breaks of 2 or 3 weeks only , so that he does not become completely unfit . This suits horses that easily become bored and like to work . Neither of these two methods allow any real time for tissue repair . 

Getting a horse fit for competition or hunting a basic fitness programme is relative to the work the horse is required to do . A horse can be described as fit when he is able to carry out the work required of him without undue stress and strain . Fitness can only be reached through regular , progressive excercise , to work an unfit horse hard will cause injury and also may cause damage to the respiratory system . A basic programme 

1 walking and slow work 

2 trotting and schooling on the flat 

3 fast work and completions 

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Types of Bedding 

Straw – probably the most commonly used bedding , as it is relatively inexpensive and fairly easy to dispose of . There are three types of straw 

Wheat – which is best , being the most resilient .

Barley – which is a little less tough 

Oat – which is not suitable as it is soft and very palatable 

A good sample of straw should be clean, free from mouldy and be strong stemmed , thus allowing moisture to drain through the bed leaving the horse with dry standing on top

Shavings – A popular bedding for horses that are inclined to eat straw and also for those that have respiratory allergies . It is more expensive than straw and difficult to dispose of if you are using large amounts . A shavings bed is more absorbent than a straw one and must be well handled to prevent it becoming soggy . A good bale should contain large clean shavings , a minimum of dust and no debris , such as pieces of wood etc . If purchased in plastic- wrapped bales they can be stored outside . This is a great advantage if barn space is limited .

Paper – A dust free , inedible bedding , particularly suited to horses with respiratory problems it comes in the form of diced or shredded newspaper . However most people find it hard to work with . Being very absorbent it can become packed down and difficult to remove unless the bed is frequently fluffed up as it does not have the spring back quality of straw and shavings . If purchased in plastic – wrapped bales , it can also be stored outside .

Bedding systems 

Complete mucking out all the soiled bedding is removed every day and the floor swept clean , therefore all the bedding is moved it would take an experienced person 15-20 minutes to muck out an average sized stable .

Deep Litter 

With minimum disturbance of the bedding , all the the droppings and wet patches are removed . The remaining bedding is levelled out and clean bedding is placed on top this is a less time consuming process than complete mucking out , taking 10-15 minutes . A deep base of dry , rotting bedding gradually builds up . This base provides warmth and protection. However it would not be practical to allow the base to become deeper than approximately 20-25 cm ( 8-10 in) . Therefore the entire bed will need to be removed every three or four weeks . This is hard time consuming work if done manually. Stables designed with tractor access make the process much easier .

Combined system 

It may suit your lifestyle to deep litter your stable during the week and completely muck out at the weekend . My self personally like stable mats and shavings with a banking and all soiled patches removed every Day .

Pharoahs Horses  

The Arabian Desert Horses the Most Beautiful in the World , steeped in History , Myth and Legend is the Oldest pure Bred in Existence spanning  3000 years in the Arabian Peninsula.

To create the Arab Horse, God spoke to the South Wind : I will create from you a being which will be a happiness to the good and a misfortune to the Bad : Happiness shall be on its forhead, bounty on its Back . 

               An Early Arab saying 

Admired for it’s Unparalleled Beauty , Nobility Strength and Great Stamina . Considered to be the Epitome of a Gift from God The Almighty ( Allah ) . 

One Traditional Tale is a wild horse first tamed by Ishmael the son of Abraham around 1400 BC . King Solomon is said to have possessed a Stud of 1,000 Arab Horses .

It’s Greatness is Bountiful in loyalty , kinship , Agility and passion to please in a lifelong companionship which in turn brings great rewards of supremacy of Timeless Beauty .